The causal relationship between self-esteem and mathematics achievement. (English)

Hannula, Markku, Current state of research in mathematical beliefs VII. , (ISBN 951-45-8287-X). 16-23 (1998).

In this study the authors developed a model causally relating general self-esteem and mathematics achievement through basic intervening variables supported by social cognitive theory. A structural equation model was used to examine the paths from mathematics achievement to general self-esteem and vice versa. The data, collected from 308 preservice primary school teachers, provided a good fit to the model developed.