\input zb-basic
\input zb-matheduc
\iteman{ZMATH 1999c.01387}
\itemau{Roberts, Carolyn; Cretchley, Patricia; Harman, Chris}
\itemti{Measuring attitudes towards mathematics in early childhood and primary teacher education.}
\itemso{Kanes, Clive et al., Teaching mathematics in new times. Proceedings. Vol. 2. , (ISBN 0-9596844-7-6). 476-483 (1998).}
\itemab
Changes in attitude have been measured over a semester of mathematics in the first year of Early Childhood and Primary teacher training. The unit of study is not a curriculum unit, is taught by mathematicians and explores mathematical ideas and experiences. The Fennema-Shearman Attitudes Scale was used to measure changes in confidence, effectance motivation, and usefulness. Analysis of the results indicates a challenging outcome -- the only significant change was a drop in their perception of the usefulness of mathematics.
\itemrv{~}
\itemcc{C25}
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\itemli{}
\end