\input zb-basic
\input zb-matheduc
\iteman{ZMATH 2000f.04634}
\itemau{Moritz, Jonathan; Watson, Jane}
\itemti{Reasoning and expressing probability in students' judgements of coin tossing.}
\itemso{Bana, Jack et al., Mathematics education beyond 2000. Vol. 2. Proceedings. , (ISBN 0-9596844-8-4). 448-455 (2000).}
\itemab
A survey item based on a newspaper article about coin tosses was administered to 1256 students from grades 6 to 11. Few students determined the probability of four successive tails. Most students considered that heads and tails were equally likely for a subsequent fifth toss, often describing the probability as ``50-50''. Students in higher grades were more likely to respond appropriately. Results are discussed with reference to equiprobability, independence, the gambler's fallacy, and the outcome approach to probability.
\itemrv{~}
\itemcc{K53}
\itemut{}
\itemli{}
\end