id: 06643159
dt: j
an: 2016f.00355
au: Friedman-Sokuler, Naomi; Justman, Moshe
ti: Gender streaming and prior achievement in high school science and
mathematics.
so: Econ. Educ. Rev. 53, 230-253 (2016).
py: 2016
pu: Elsevier, Amsterdam
la: EN
cc: C60 C40 C30
ut: gender streaming; comparative advantage; gender gap in mathematics;
secondary school; science matriculation electives
ci:
li: doi:10.1016/j.econedurev.2016.04.004
ab: Summary: Girls choose advanced matriculation electives in science and
mathematics almost as frequently as boys, in Israel, but are very much
under-represented in physics and computer science, and over-represented
in biology and chemistry. We test the hypothesis that these patterns
stem from differences in mathematical ability. Administrative data on
two half-cohorts of Israeli eighth-grade students in Hebrew-language
schools links standardized test scores in mathematics, science, Hebrew
and English to their subsequent choice of matriculation electives. It
shows that the gendered choices they make remain largely intact after
conditioning on prior test scores, indicating that these choices are
not driven by differences in perceived mathematical ability, or by
boysâ€™ comparative advantage in mathematics. Moreover, girls who
choose matriculation electives in physics and computer science score
higher than boys, on average. Girls and boys react differently to early
signals of mathematical and verbal ability; and girls are less
adversely affected by socioeconomic disadvantage.
rv: