
06646522
j
2016f.00960
Ngu, Bing Hiong
Phan, Huy P.
Hong, Kian Sam
Usop, Hasbee
Reducing intrinsic cognitive load in percentage change problems: the equation approach.
Learn. Individ. Differ. 51, 8190 (2016).
2016
Elsevier, Amsterdam
EN
F83
C33
intrinsic cognitive load
percentage change problems
problem solving
doi:10.1016/j.lindif.2016.08.029
Summary: We compared the equation approach and unitary approach in helping students ($n=59$) learn percentage change problems from a cognitive load perspective. The equation approach emphasized a twopart learning process. Part 1 revised prior knowledge of percentage quantity; Part 2 integrated the percentage quantity and the original amount in an equation for solution. Central to the unitary approach is the concept of unit percentage ($1\%$). The unitary approach would expect to incur high element interactivity because of the intrinsic nature of its solution steps, and the need to search and integrate quantity and percentage in order to act as a point of reference for calculating the unit percentage. Test results and the instructional efficiency measure favored the equation approach. It was suggested that the equation approach reduced the intrinsic cognitive load associated with percentage change problems via sequencing and prior knowledge.