\input zb-basic
\input zb-matheduc
\iteman{ZMATH 2011b.00028}
\itemau{Deakin, Michael}
\itemti{Charles Babbage and the computer.}
\itemso{Parabola 46, No. 3, 22-29 (2010).}
\itemab
From the introduction: Some years ago, I wrote a column on the work of a woman usually called Ada Lovelace. Ada was the only legitimate daughter of the poet Byron, and she has acquired a considerable reputation as a mathematician -- a reputation which I argued she does not deserve. She was certainly greatly interested in Mathematics and studied it under three excellent mathematicians the time: Mary Somerville, Augustus De Morgan and Charles Babbage. Here I want to tell a related story, although this will involve my repeating, to some extent, the earlier one. Her connection with Babbage what brings us to the primary concern here. Charles Babbage (1791-1871) was a well-recognized mathematician, a fellow of the Royal Society of London and a Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge (occupying the Lucasian chair once held by Newton). Today he is best remembered for his interest in mechanical computation and he is often seen as a pioneer of automatic computing. He envisaged first a machine that he called the $Difference$ $Engine$, and later a much more ambitious one, the $Analytical$ $Engine$. He worked on the Difference Engine for about ten years in the 1820s, and made some progress towards its actual construction, although he never completed this project. However, in 1833, he abandoned it in favor of a new idea: the Analytical Engine, which he saw as much more versatile. It is this latter machine that incorporated many of the concepts that later came to be seen as important in computer design.
\itemrv{~}
\itemcc{A30 P80}
\itemut{mathematicians; history of computing; mathematics in the 19th century; biographies; Howard Aiken}
\itemli{}
\end