\input zb-basic
\input zb-matheduc
\iteman{ZMATH 2016a.00030}
\itemau{Karp, Alexander}
\itemti{A brief history of specialized mathematics schools.}
\itemso{Vogeli, Bruce R. (ed.), Special secondary schools for the mathematically talented. An international panorama. Dedicated to the memory of L\'aszl\'o R\'atz. Hackensack, NJ: World Scientific (ISBN 978-981-4667-46-3/hbk). Series on Mathematics Education 12, 1-17 (2016).}
\itemab
From the text: In talking about the history of specialized mathematics schools, as in the case of mathematics itself, one must begin with definitions: what do we mean when we speak of specialized schools? Until relatively recently (and to some extent even now), one could observe this term being used in a very different sense from the way it was used, say, in the early 1960s, when the famous Russian schools with an advanced course in mathematics were being formed. The speech delivered in 1988 by Egor Ligachev, one of the secretaries of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the USSR at the time, which had a major impact on the subsequent development of schools with an advanced course in mathematics, contained an obvious substitution of one concept for another. Ligachev put forward the so-called {\it Kolmogorov boarding school} in Moscow as a model for a specialized school, without mentioning the fact that the Kolmogorov boarding school had been created as only one of four such boarding schools in the whole country (and in a certain sense even was unique). To imitate it on any wider scale and to find an Andrey Kolmogorov for each and every school, or even for many schools, would have been impossible. A good and knowledgeable teacher typically gives students a broader and deeper understanding of mathematics than usual, and demands more of them as well. Nonetheless, to regard each class of this kind as a ``specialized class in mathematics'' seems inaccurate.
\itemrv{~}
\itemcc{A30 B20 C40 C90}
\itemut{specialized mathematics schools; gifted education; history of mathematics education}
\itemli{doi:10.1142/9789814667470\_0001}
\end