
06571534
j
2016c.00174
SenguptaIrving, Tesha
Doing things: organizing for agency in mathematical learning.
J. Math. Behav. 41, 210218 (2016).
2016
Elsevier, New York, NY
EN
C33
C73
D53
D43
agency
curriculum
learning
doi:10.1016/j.jmathb.2015.10.001
Summary: In the United States, school mathematics generally fails to help students see themselves as capable of impacting their world  a perspective Freire argues defines human agency. This analysis draws from a fiveweek Algebra intervention for middle school students ($n=46$) designed to promote agency through collaborative mathematical activity. Typically, students identified as underperforming (as most in this intervention were), teachers revert to procedural, lowlevel instruction. In contrast, this intervention was designed around tasks of high cognitive demand that required visual or symbolic representation of algebraic concepts. Qualitative coding of student interviews ($n=46$) confirm the design principles of authority, agency and collaboration were positively impactful for students. In particular, interviews evidence a changing perspective from math as boring to the possibility of math as comingling intellectual challenge and personal enjoyment. These results are traced to the design principles and in particular, the focus on organizing for agency.