
06160615
a
2013c.00018
Ausejo, Elena
Juan de Ic\'\i ar's Practical arithmetic (1549): writing and reckoning in Spanish Renaissance.
Bjarnad\'ottir, Krist\'{\i}n (ed.) et al., ``Dig where you stand" 2. Proceedings of the second ``International conference on the history of mathematics education", New University of Lisbon, Portugal, October 25, 2011. Lisbon: UIED, Unidade de Investiga\c{c}\~ao Educa\c{c}\~ao e Desenvolvimento; Caparica: Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Faculdade de Ci\^{e}ncia e Tecnologia (ISBN 9789899748729/pbk). 4559 (2012).
2012
Lisbon: UIED, Unidade de Investiga\c{c}\~ao Educa\c{c}\~ao e Desenvolvimento; Caparica: Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Faculdade de Ci\^{e}ncia e Tecnologia
EN
A30
U20
history of mathematics
historical textbooks
renaissance
Summary: Juan de Ic\'\i ar (born 1522 or 1523), the most important calligrapher during the Spanish Renaissance, is also the author of a purely mathematical book, a ``book titled Practical arithmetic very useful for anyone willing to be trained in reckoning" (Iciar, 1549). It is a mercantile arithmetic conceived for educational purposes, an essential book to learn the mathematical skills and the teaching thereof in Spain, in the midsixteenth century. This paper studies the mathematical work of Juan de Iciar within the context of the education of the new bourgeoisie (merchants, liberal professions) during the Spanish Renaissance, and establishes the relationship between ``Practical arithmetic, Libro subtilissimo, and Arte Breue y Prouechoso".