id: 06499063
dt: j
an: 2016a.00385
au: Casler-Failing, Shelli L.
ti: Journaling: out with the old.
so: Math. Teach. Middle Sch. 19, No. 3, 180-183 (2013).
py: 2013
pu: National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM), Reston, VA
la: EN
cc: D53 C53 E43 C33
ut: writing in the mathematics classroom; educational diagnosis; analysis of
learning outcomes; knowledge level; mathematics and language; journals;
problem-solving strategies; justifying; problem posing; student
activities; student presentations; critical thinking; understanding;
metacognitive skills
ci:
li:
ab: From the text: Writing in mathematics can have many uses, but one of the
most important is for teachers to assess student thinking. Analyzing
writing helps reveal to teachers the gaps in studentsâ€™ understanding.
Many students struggle with word problems and other math homework.
Their struggles can vary from not understanding what is being asked to
not knowing which mathematical strategy or formula to apply to the
problem. Writing can become a problem-solving tool to address such
problems. Students can rewrite problems in their own words or break
them down into parts. Students can then write about the process of
solving while they are solving the problem. This form of writing
becomes reflective as students reread their entries; this writing also
helps students gain deeper mathematical understanding. Writing about
and reflecting on word problems allow students to connect to previously
learned concepts and facilitate the act of finding and correcting their
own mistakes. The most important fact about this type of writing is
that there is always something to write about. If the student does not
know how to answer the problem, he or she can still write about what is
known (the given information), what needs to be known (what the
question is asking), and what information is needed to solve the
problem (how the given information is used). In my classroom, a weekly
journal question is used to promote writing. The types of questions
given to students are compiled from many different sources, such as
NCTMâ€™s Problem to Ponder, logic problems from Penny Publications,
KenKen puzzles, sudoku puzzles, and others.
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