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Zbl 0965.11006
Slavutskii, Ilya Sh.
(Slavutskij, Ilya Sh.)
On the generalized Bernoulli numbers that belong to unequal characters.
(English)
[J] Rev. Mat. Iberoam. 16, No.3, 459-475 (2000). ISSN 0213-2230

Congruence properties of generalized Bernoulli numbers $B_{n,\psi}$ play an important role in many fields of number theory. Here $\psi$ denotes a character with the conductor $g$, and the numbers $B_{n,\psi}$ are defined by $$\sum_{a=1}^g \psi(a)t\frac{e^{at}}{e^{gt}-1}=\sum_{n=0}^\infty B_{n,\psi}\frac{t^n}{n!} .$$ Let $p>3$ be a prime, $\theta$ be a character with conductor $q$ and $\theta(p)=1$, $\chi$ a character which differs from $\theta$ only by the Legendre symbol modulo $p$ then the following congruences (Theorem~1) hold: $B_{m+1,\chi}\equiv 0\pmod{p^l}$, where $l\in\Bbb N$ and $m=(p-1)p^{l-1}/2$. \par Continuing his studies the author proves some von Staudt's type congruences of the form $B_{n,\chi}\equiv B_{r,\theta}\pmod{p^{2l}}$ if $\chi(-1)=(-1)^n$ and $r=sp^{3l-1}+n$, see Theorem~2. Finally he applies his results to quadratic number fields, showing that these congruences are $p$-adic approximations of the class number formula.
[Helmut Müller (Hamburg)]
MSC 2000:
*11B68 Bernoulli numbers, etc.
11R29 Class numbers, class groups, discriminants
11S40 Zeta functions and L-functions of local number fields

Keywords: generalized Bernoulli numbers; von Staudt's type congruences

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