Language:   Search:   Contact
Zentralblatt MATH has released its new interface!
For an improved author identification, see the new author database of ZBMATH.

Simple Search

Query:
Enter a query and click »Search«...
Format:
Display: entries per page entries
Zbl 0819.33004
Wong, R.; Zhang, J.-M.
Asymptotic monotonicity of the relative extrema of Jacobi polynomials.
(English)
[J] Can. J. Math. 46, No.6, 1318-1337 (1994). ISSN 0008-414X; ISSN 1496-4279/e

Let $P\sb n\sp{(\alpha, \beta)} (x)$ denote the $n$-th Jacobi polynomial and let $y\sb{k,n}\sp{(\alpha, \beta)}$ be the abscissas of the relative extrema of $P\sb n\sp{(\alpha, \beta)} (x)/ P\sb n\sp{(\alpha, \beta)} (1)$ ordered by $-1= y\sb{n,n}\sp{(\alpha, \beta)}< y\sb{n-1, n}\sp{(\alpha, \beta)}< \cdots< y\sb{1,n}\sp{(\alpha, \beta)}< y\sb{0,n}\sp{(\alpha, \beta)}$. Set $$\mu\sb{k,n} (\alpha, \beta)= {{P\sb n\sp{(\alpha, \beta)} (x)} \over {P\sb n\sp{(\alpha, \beta)} (1)}}, \qquad k=1,\dots, n-1.$$ A remarkable result obtained in the paper is the asymptotic representation, as $n\to \infty$ and for each fixed $k=1, 2,\dots$, $$\mu\sb{k,n} (\alpha, \beta)= \Gamma(\alpha+ 1) \Biggl( {2\over {j\sb{\alpha+ 1,k}}} \Biggr)\sp \alpha\ J\sb \alpha (j\sb{\alpha+ 1,k}) \Biggl[ 1+ {{\alpha+ 3\beta+2} \over{24}} {{j\sp 2\sb{\alpha+ 1,k}} \over {N\sp 2}}+ O(N\sp{-4}) \Biggr],$$ where $N=n+ {1\over 2} (\alpha+ \beta+1)$ and $j\sb{\alpha+ 1,k}$ is the $k$-th positive zero of the Bessel function $J\sb{\alpha+1} (x)$. This representation, which corrects an earlier result of {\it R. Cooper} [Proc. Cambridge Phil. Soc. 46, 549- 554 (1950; Zbl 0038.223)], is not sufficient to prove a monotonicity property of the extrema $\mu\sb{k,n} (\alpha, \beta)$ conjectured by Askey, i.e. that for $\alpha> \beta> -1/2$, $$\vert \mu\sb{k, n+1} (\alpha, \beta)\vert< \vert \mu\sb{k,n} (\alpha, \beta)\vert, \qquad k=1,\dots, n \quad \text{and} \quad n=1,2,\dots\ .$$ The authors are able to overcome this difficulty and show that Askey's conjecture is true at least in the asymptotic sense. This is done by using another more powerful representation of $\mu\sb{k,n} (\alpha, \beta)$, derived from a uniform asymptotic approximation of the Jacobi polynomial.
[L.Gatteschi (Torino)]
MSC 2000:
*33C45 Orthogonal polynomials and functions of hypergeometric type
41A60 Asymptotic problems in approximation

Keywords: Jacobi polynomial

Citations: Zbl 0038.223

Cited in: Zbl 0879.41016

Highlights
Master Server