Language:   Search:   Contact
Zentralblatt MATH has released its new interface!
For an improved author identification, see the new author database of ZBMATH.

# Simple Search

Query:
Enter a query and click »Search«...
Format:
Display: entries per page entries
Zbl 0592.34001
Its, Alexander R.; Novokshenov, Victor Yu.
The isomonodromic deformation method in the theory of Painlevé equations.
(English)
[B] Lecture Notes in Mathematics. 1191. Berlin etc.: Springer-Verlag. IV, 313 p. DM 45.00 (1986).

A linear differential equation system (1) $d\phi /d\lambda =A(\lambda,t)\phi$, where A is a rational matrix in $\lambda$, and t stands for some parameters, is given. One speaks of an isomonodromic deformation of the system (1) if a variation of t does not affect the whole monodromy group of (1). Recently this method arose in the investigation of certain nonlinear differential equations (e.g. the KdV- equation) in theoretical physics. In the main parts of the present text the differential equations $$(2)\quad d\phi /d\lambda =\{-(4i\lambda\sp 2+ix+iu\sp 2)\sigma\sb 3-4u\lambda \sigma\sb 2-2w\sigma\sb 1\}\phi$$ and $$(3)\quad d\phi /d\lambda =\{-i\frac{x\sp 2}{16}\sigma\sb 3- \frac{ixw}{2\lambda}\sigma\sb 1+\frac{i}{\lambda\sp 2}\cos u\sigma\sb 3- \frac{i}{\lambda\sp 2}\sin u\sigma\sb 2\}\phi$$ with the Pauli matrices $\sigma\sb 1=\left( \matrix 0\\ 1\endmatrix \matrix 1\\ 0\endmatrix \right)$, $\sigma\sb 2=\left( \matrix 0\\ i\endmatrix \matrix -i\\ 0\endmatrix \right)$, $\sigma\sb 3=\left( \matrix 1\\ 0\endmatrix \matrix 0\\ -1\endmatrix \right)$ are treated. Equation (2) is now connected via isomonodromic deformation with the second Painlevé equation (PII) $u''(x)=2u\sp 3(x)+xu(x)$ and equation (3) is connected in the same way with (PIII) $u''(x)=\frac{1}{u}(u\sp{'2}-u')+4u\sp 3-4/u,$ the third Painlevé equation. The method then leads to an asymptotic representation of certain solutions of PII, PIII-equation respectively and to an asymptotic representation of the pole-distribution of those solutions. After chapters 0 to 4, mainly concerning information on the general theory, there are seven chapters with the essential results and four chapters with applications and four chapters appendix. In this appendix there are some generalizations of the theory to other Painlevé equations and a synopsis of formulas. The headers of the essential chapters are: V: Asymptotic solution to a direct problem of the monodromy theory for the system (2). \par VI: Asymptotic solution to a direct problem of the monodromy theory for the system (3). \par VII: The manifold of solutions of Painlevé II equation decreasing as $x\to -\infty$. Parametrization of their asymptotics through the monodromy data. Ablowitz-Segur connection formulae for real valued solutions decreasing exponentially as $x\to +\infty.$ \par VIII: The manifold of solutions of Painlevé III equation. The connection formulae for the asymptotics of real valued solutions of the Cauchy problem. \par IX: The manifold of solutions to Painlevé II equation increasing as $x\to \infty$. The expression of their asymptotics through the monodromy data. The connection formulae for pure imaginary solutions. \par X: The movable poles of real value solutions to Painlevé II equation and the eigenfunctions of the anharmonic oscillator. \par XI: The movable poles of the solution to Painlevé III equation and their connection with Mathieu functions. \par Aside from some misprints the text is very well written and there is a list of 71 references and a subject index at the end of the paper.
[G.Jank]
MSC 2000:
*34-02 Research monographs (ordinary differential equations)
34E05 Asymptotic expansions (ODE)
34E20 Asymptotic singular perturbations, methods (ODE)
35Q99 PDE of mathematical physics and other areas

Keywords: second order differential equation; isomonodromic deformation; monodromy group; Pauli matrices; second Painlevé equation; third Painlevé equation; asymptotic representation; pole-distribution; Ablowitz-Segur connection formulae; movable poles; anharmonic oscillator; Mathieu functions

Highlights
Master Server

### Zentralblatt MATH Berlin [Germany]

© FIZ Karlsruhe GmbH

Zentralblatt MATH master server is maintained by the Editorial Office in Berlin, Section Mathematics and Computer Science of FIZ Karlsruhe and is updated daily.

Other Mirror Sites

Copyright © 2013 Zentralblatt MATH | European Mathematical Society | FIZ Karlsruhe | Heidelberg Academy of Sciences