## MESC Classification

The Mathematics Education Subject Classification (MESC) was compiled by the Editorial Office of MathEduc with the kind support of numerous experts. It is reflected in the MSC2010 scheme in the area 97 – Mathematics education.

The MESC scheme consists of 16 main areas classified with two digits refined into over 1000 three-digit classifications. It serves as a compass to keep being informed about the developments in their areas of interest.

Searching the ever growing number of mathematical publications would not be possible without the help of this well organized scheme. Nearly all publications are classified according to this widely accepted tool.

## Last digit

The last digit refers to the educational level:**0**: General**1**: pre-school education**2**: primary level school education**3**: lower and middle secondary level school education**4**: higher secondary school education**5**: universities, colleges**6**: special schools**7**: vocational schools**8**: colleges of further education, correspondence schools, popular education**9**: teacher training

## Complete list

A | General, Mathematics and education |

A10 | Comprehensive works. Reference books |

A20 | Recreational mathematics. Games |

A30 | History of mathematics and mathematics education |

A40 | Mathematics and society |

A50 | Bibliographies |

A60 | Proceedings. Conference reports |

A70 | Theses and postdoctoral theses |

A80 | Popularization of mathematics |

A90 | Miscellaneous |

B | Educational policy and system |

B10 | Educational research and planning |

B20 | General education |

B30 | Vocational education |

B40 | Higher education |

B50 | Teacher education |

B60 | Adult and further education |

B70 | Syllabuses. Educational Standards |

C | Psychology of mathematics education. Research in mathematics education |

C10 | Comprehensive works |

C20 | Affective behaviour |

C30 | Cognitive processes. Learning theories |

C40 | Intelligence and aptitudes |

C50 | Language and verbal communication |

C60 | Sociological aspects of learning |

C70 | Teaching-learning-processes |

C90 | Miscellaneous topics |

D | Education and instruction in mathematics |

D10 | Comprehensive works on mathematics education. Comparative studies |

D20 | Philosophical and theoretical contributions (maths didactics) |

D30 | Objectives and goals |

D40 | Teaching methods and classroom techniques |

D50 | Teaching problem solving and heuristic strategies. Problem posing |

D60 | Student assessment, achievement control and rating |

D70 | Learning difficulties and student errors |

D80 | Teaching units and draft lessons |

E | Foundations of mathematics |

E10 | Comprehensive works |

E20 | Philosophy and mathematics |

E30 | Logic |

E40 | Language of mathematics |

E50 | Reasoning and proving in the mathematics classroom |

E60 | Sets. Relations. Set theory |

E70 | Miscellaneous |

F | Arithmetic. Number theory. |

F10 | Comprehensive works on arithmetic |

F20 | Pre-numerical stage. Number concept |

F30 | Natural numbers |

F40 | Integers. Rational numbers |

F50 | Real numbers. Complex numbers |

F60 | Number theory |

F70 | Measures and units |

F80 | Ratio and proportion. Percentages |

F90 | Real life mathematics. Practical arithmetic |

G | Geometry |

G10 | Comprehensive works on geometry and the teaching of geometry |

G20 | Informal geometry |

G30 | Areas and volumes |

G40 | Plane and solid geometry |

G50 | Transformation geometry |

G60 | Trigonometry |

G70 | Analytic geometry. Vector algebra |

G80 | Descriptive geometry |

G90 | Miscellaneous topics in geometry |

H | Algebra |

H10 | Comprehensive works on algebra and the teaching of algebra |

H20 | Elementary algebra |

H30 | Equations and inequalities |

H40 | Groups, rings, fields |

H50 | Ordered algebraic structures |

H60 | Linear algebra |

H70 | Miscellaneous topics in algebra |

I | Analysis |

I10 | Comprehensive works on calculus and the teaching of calculus |

I20 | Mappings and functions |

I30 | Sequences and series |

I40 | Differential calculus |

I50 | Integral calculus |

I60 | Functions of several variables |

I70 | Functional equations |

I80 | Complex analysis |

I90 | Miscellaneous topics in analysis |

K | Stochastics |

K10 | Comprehensive works on stochastics |

K20 | Combinatorics |

K30 | Graph theory |

K40 | Descriptive statistics |

K50 | Probability theory |

K60 | Distributions and stochastic processes |

K70 | Statistical inference |

K80 | Correlation and regression |

K90 | Miscellaneous topics in stochastics |

M | Mathematical modelling. Applications of mathematics |

M10 | Mathematical modelling. Interdisciplinarity |

M20 | Mathematics in vocational training and career education |

M30 | Financial and insurance mathematics |

M40 | Operations research, economics |

M50 | Physics. Astronomy. Technology. Engineering |

M60 | Biology. Chemistry. Medicine |

M70 | Behavioural and social sciences |

M80 | Arts. Music. Language. Architecture |

M90 | Miscellaneous applications |

N | Numerical mathematics |

N10 | Comprehensive works on numerical mathematics |

N20 | Rounding, estimation. Theory of errors |

N30 | Numerical algebra |

N40 | Numerical analysis |

N50 | Interpolation and approximation |

N60 | Mathematical programming |

N70 | Discrete mathematics |

N90 | Miscellaneous topics in numerical mathematics |

P | Computer science |

P10 | Comprehensive works on computer science |

P20 | Theory of computer science |

P30 | System software |

P40 | Programming languages |

P50 | Programming techniques |

P60 | Hardware |

P70 | Computer science and society |

P80 | Miscellaneous topics of computer science |

Q | Computer science education |

Q10 | Comprehensive works on computer science education |

Q20 | Affective aspects in teaching computer science |

Q30 | Cognitive processes |

Q40 | Sociological aspects in computer science education |

Q50 | Objectives in computer science education |

Q60 | Teaching methods and classroom techniques |

Q70 | Student assessment in computer science education |

Q80 | Teaching units in computer science |

Q90 | Miscellaneous topics |

R | Computer science applications |

R10 | Comprehensive works, collections of programs |

R20 | Applications in mathematics |

R30 | Applications in sciences |

R40 | Artificial intelligence |

R50 | Data bases. Information systems |

R60 | Computer graphics |

R70 | User programs. Administrative applications |

R80 | Recreational computing |

R90 | Miscellaneous applications |

U | Educational material and media. Educational technology |

U10 | Comprehensive works |

U20 | Textbooks. Textbook research |

U30 | Teachers' manuals and planning aids |

U40 | Problem books. Competitions. Examinations |

U50 | Computer assisted instruction; e-learning; computer as educational medium |

U60 | Manipulative materials |

U70 | Technological tools. Calculators |

U80 | Audiovisual media |

U90 | Miscellaneous educational material |